Pazırık (Pazyryk) 4th c BC with 24 "Hun Rose" and
Bergama 18th c AD with 32 "Hun Rose"
These carpets/rugs can tell us about Turkish culture and history, the feelings, emotions and communication of the weavers and tribes. It is impossible to find two identical carpet or rug, every woman have her own individuality and pattern.
* Hun Rose also called as Turkmen Rose or as Lotus Flower (Nilüfer Çiçeği)
* "Turkmen" means "I'm Turk", it is not a different nation! Tribes have also his own tribes/clans/families, it is not limited with 24. All of them have their own names, that's why the "foreigners" are struggling with the study of Turkish History. Example: Pechenegs in Europe are a tribe of Oghuzes. We use the name Peçenek, and we don't have to use as "Pecheneg-Turks", because we do know that they are Turkish of nation. But strangers to Turkish History thinks that they are a different nation, like they thought that Ottoman a different nation was! That's why "they" must write as Pecheneg-Turks, Avar-Turks, Hun-Turks, Ottoman-Turks, Seljuk-Turks, Safavid-Turks, Afsharid-Turks, Karachays-Turks, Khazar-Turks, etc. in "western literature".
A Turkmen Carpet with 24 Hun Rose from Ankara
Pazyryk Carpet: in Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg.
Bergama or Turkmen Carpet: in Museum of Turkish and İslamic Art, İstanbul.
Both are "Turkish Culture", one is from 4th c BC, which was found in 1949 (with many horse burials!),
the other one is from 18th c AD, and the weavers didn't saw Pazyryk!
From Pazyryk to Gordion - The Turks
"Pazyryk (Pazırık)" in Altai (Altay) Turkish dialects means "buried treasure". Among Kırgız Turks (Kyrgyz) and Oghuz Turks (Turkey, Azerbaijan, Türkmenistan) it is "Basırık" (accent exchange of P/B) and it means "pressed, compacted, hidden, closed place, cover".
A "westerner scholar" wrote that "Pazyryrk is a Russian word and means mound"... Info like this is nonsens and not scientific! [The Scientific Study of Mummies by Arthur C.Aufderheide,2003]
"Rudenko wrote: "In any case, this burial belongs not to the Turkish or Mongolian race, but to the Scythians, who are Arian race." But, it is to understand that the Scythians are not arian race (which also does not exist!), by their sacrificing horses, drinking mare's milk, grave and death ceremonies is to be seen that they are Turkish. The fact that the Scythians are Turkish (at least are in socio-cultural environment of the Turks) are more consistent than the works in the opposite view, and the information in this direction is more consistent. Besides, in Chinese chronicles from the 3rd century BC, there were Huns who lived in Pazyryk area. All the artifacts, belongings from Pazyryk Kurgan shows us the same as the Turkish Kurgans. Of course, the presence of a cultural element in a region does not mean that the element of culture belongs to that region. But the characteristics of the founding element give important clues about what kind of socio-cultural environment they are, which part of culture they origin from. The oldest accounts of the Persian kinndom are from 7th century AD. In addition , generally accepted experts such as Spiegel, Kremer and Geiger, say, that carpet is not an autochthon in the Persian culture. " [translated from, Dr.Mustafa Aksoy's article]
"Hun Turks have 24 tribes/clans, Oghuz Turks have also 24 tribes. Huns-Saka (or Scythians)-Oghuz Turks are related, that's why some Turkish scientist called also the Pazyryk Hun Carpet as Saka-Oghuz Carpet." [Prof.Dr.Firudin Agasıoglu Celilov]
The Pazırık Carpet was made for a Turkish Hun / Saka ruler in the 5th-4th c BC. There are 24 segments in the centre of the carpet which symbolized 24 well known tales of Huns from Mete (Mao-tun) times and Oghuzes (Oğuz) in "Oghuzname", as well as 24 local rulers from "The book of Dede Korkut". 24 War horses with tails tied in a knot, galloping opposite the deer, guide the mortal way. And 24 deer indicate 24 life and mortal hours of one day. The weaving type is double knotted, i.e.Turkish Knot, which is also called as "Gordion Knot (Gördes Düğümü)". Pazyryk Rug is not Persian! Persians (today-İranians) knotted their carpets "still" with "Senneh Knot (Sine Düğümü)" i.e. Persian Knot.
Gordion was the capital city of the Phrygians (non-Greek/Hellens) who lived in west of Turkey, centered on the Sakarya River (old name Sangarius-Sanga-Saka-Sacae = Sakarya - Saka-r-ya "Land of Saka").
"Gordium / Gordion" is to explain with "Kördüğüm" in Turkish, meaning is "blind knotted - Gordium - Gordugum / Kördüğüm". And everyone knows the legend of "the Gordion Knot and Alexander the Great" (also non-Greek/Hellen), it is the same knot what we see in the oldest Turkish carpet Pazyryk (Pazırık).
Phrygians artifacts are mixed with Kaška's (Gasga) artifacts. Kaška's were a Scythian tribe [Scythians, Saka (Sacae)s and Huns are the ancestor of todays Turkish People]. It is very difficult to seperate these two cultures. In the last period of the Hittite Empire (which invaded the "Land of Hatti, non Indo-European people" and Hittites natively known as Nešili-Neshi-Nehesi, Hittite is a result of misreading!), on the eastern border in Pahhuwa (Black Sea Region- North Turkey), a Kaška city, seems to emerge a rebel named Mita. This person is referred to Muškian Mita in Assyrians tablets [Muškians were also a Scythian tribe; Muşki-Mosk-Meşe (Oak-Meşer Tatar - Ağaçeri Türkleri-Agacheri Turks / Tree people "Acatziri, Agathyrsi or Agathyrsos in ancient books: Herodotus, Virgil)]. The -uš- etymology brings connection with -uš- in Kaška. At the end of Hittite Empire comes the period of the Phyrigians and "Mita" brings us to the king "Midas" (t/d-Mida) in the 7th c BC, the son of King Gordios [Gordios-Gordion-Gordium]....
The so-called Midas Tumulus/Kurgan and other tumulus in Gordion has the same structure as Pazyryk Kurgan. "The second Tumulus Z (south ridge) had elements in its carpentry seen in the PAZYRYK barrows. Its assemblage, however , consisted of the usual Phrygian gifts (some pre Kimmerians heirlooms and some contemporary post Kimmerian objects) except that belts and fibula were lacking. Z no doubt belonged to someone sharing ancestry with the people of the ALTAI who built 'caged' chambers. " says the archaeologist field director Rodney Stuart Young in his "Final Reports Three Great Early Tumuli". (for 24 years in Gordion till his dead in 1974, but, build a career as an American spy during World War II.)
So, Pazyryk and Gordion are connected = Kurgan Culture is Turkish Culture. The word "Kurgan" is Turkish "Korugan" = "protected". Like the Saka/Scythian king İdanthyrsus have spoken below. [ İdanthyrsus is the ancestor of Turkish leaders like, Attila of Huns, and Bilge Khagan of Kokturks (Göktürk-Sky Turks) - Bilge-"Wise" like in Bilgamesh].
"Idanthyrsus the Scythian king replied: “It is like this with me, Persian: I never ran from any man before out of fear, and I am not running from you now; I am not doing any differently now than I am used to doing in time of peace, too. As to why I do not fight with you at once, I will tell you why. We Scythians have no towns or cultivated land, out of fear for which, that the one might be taken or the other wasted, we would engage you sooner in battle. But if all you want is to come to that quickly, we have the graves of our fathers. Come on, find these and try to destroy them: you shall know then whether we will fight you for the graves or whether we will not fight. Until then, unless we have reason, we will not engage with you." [Herodotus book 4:127]
So, the graves i.e.Kurgans were holly for Scythians, Huns and Gokturks. Even Attila attacked Eastern Roman Empire (later named as Byzantine), when the Bishop of Margus city (in Serbia) opened a holly royal grave (kurgan) of an ancestor of the Huns in 442 AD somewhere in Danube region, and stole some goods from the grave. [Priscus of Panium 5th c AD].
According to Herodotus, the Persians call all Scythians as Sacae (Saka). Why would the Persians spoke as a different nation, if the Saka/Scythians were Persians, according to some "westerners" ? And why do the Turks have all of these Saka/Scythian cultur, traditions and names, if they were Persians? ;)
An other legend is about "Excalibur and Arthur", which was written between the 7th c AD-13th c AD, after the Scythian-Hun-Avar/Turks in Europe!..
Fragment 10 -Getica of Jordanes : " Although it was in his [Attila's] nature alwyas to be confident in his greatness, when the sword of Mars was discovered, an object always held sacred among Scythian kings, it nevertheless gave him additional confidence. Priscus the historian reports that it was found under the following circumstances, saying: When a certain shepherd saw a cow from his flock limping and could find no cause of such a wound, he anxiously followed the traces of blood and finally came to a sword which the cow had accidentally stepped on while grazing. The shepherd dug it up and immediately brought it to Attila. Attila rejoiced at the gift and since he was majestic, he thought he had been appointed ruler of the whole world and the sword of Mars had granted him omnipotence in war."
The name Excalibur comes from Xalub (also called as Halup-a Scythian-Sacae tribe) who lived in North Turkey at the same period. Scythians respected the sword, and stap an iron sword into a stone/rock. We do not know exactly the name of Scythians sword god, the scholars suggested the word as "ALP". Because Mars was a god of "devastating", but Alp is a "battle winner, a bold-brave-fearless-hero warrior". Like the Trojan warrior Alber (Albericus - Alberikh - Alberich = b/p), which is Alper in todays Turkish (Alp=brave warrior ; Er=Man). And "Alpericus Latin form of German Alberich" does not means "elf-ruler" like they explained to the world in different dictionars. It is not even derived from German, it is derived from Turkish, and yes, the word "Alp" became the word "Elf", which are also "brave warriors".
["The Trojans, who settled in North Europe after the collapse of Troy, left this name in old Germanic sagas. «The saga about Nibelungs» tells us about the albs («heroes») and their king Alberikh - Trojan by origin." - Prof.Dr.Garasharly Chingiz (Çingiz Garaşarlı)]
The war god was in Greek and Roman pantheon named as Ares-Mars. When the Cimmerians and Scythians came to Anatolia they had already their myths. After the Trojan War, the Greek/Hellen tribes came to Anatolia and their mythology was occurred after cultural connection with the Cimmerians and Scythians in 8th c BC. But the mythology settled literally in the 6th c BC. Cimmerian-Turks were settled in the North of Turkey till 8th c BC, and lived till the arrival of the Scythian-Turks. The archaeologists have also found Cimmerian artifacts, horse burials and inscriptions in Gordion. It is also difficult to seperate these two Turkish (Cimmerian-Scythian) culture artifacts.
So, the sword of Arthur is the "Sword of Attila" for Europeans, and it is named after a Scythian tribe Xalub. Like the name "Arthur" was named after the Word "Arthır", which means in Karachay-Balkar Turkish, the "Story Teller".
The God Sabazios among Phrygians;
The meaning in Turkish of -Saban- is -plow-. We read the legend of Scythians in Herodotus Histories Book IV; "Golden black plow (plough)":
"The Scythians say that their nation is the youngest in the world, and that it came into being in this way. A man whose name was Targitaüs appeared in this country, which was then desolate. They say that his parents were Zeus and a daughter of the Borysthenes river (I do not believe the story, but it is told). Such was Targitaus' lineage; and he had three sons: Lipoxais, Arpoxais, and Colaxais, youngest of the three. In the time of their rule (the story goes) certain implements—namely, a plough, a yoke, a sword, and a flask, all of gold—fell down from the sky into Scythia. The eldest of them, seeing these, approached them meaning to take them; but the gold began to burn as he neared, and he stopped. Then the second approached, and the gold did as before. When these two had been driven back by the burning gold, the youngest brother approached and the burning stopped, and he took the gold to his own house. In view of this, the elder brothers agreed to give all the royal power to the youngest." [Herodotus-Book IV:1-4]
Sabazios was a god, who was protected by Mother goddess Cybele (Kybele) in Anatolia. He was always on horseback as a nomad (like the Kimmerian-Scythian-Turks), the god of beer and barley, in later times we see him as Dionysus/Bacchus , also an Eastern God. Which the Word Bacchus is to explain in Turkish as : Bağ / Bagh / Bacch = vineyard- vigneron [which Dionysos was pictured always with grape].
The Greek didn’t accept Bacchus in their pantheon of gods, that’s why he was birthed from Zeus for the second time, for an acceptance, and was also protected by the Mother goddess Cybele. Dionysos teaches the mankind how to "plow with an ox" in mythology, like the Scythian “Golden Plow” legend! And a question: Was Zeus also born from a Mother Goddess? Yes, from Rhea, known as "the mother of gods". Sabazios=Saba+zios : Saban ; Zios=Zeus, and so was he seperated. ;)
Saban is a Turkish tribe, named in times, in different chronicles as Sabar/Savar (b/v), Subar, Sibir (Subarian, Subartu, Avar, Chuvash). Some of the Saban tribes are the Siberian Turks today, which the geographic name -Siberia- comes from = "Land of Sibirs". And "Scythians/Sacae" was called as "Ashguzai" in Assyrian tablets, which brings us from Ashguzai to - As, Guz or Oghuz (Oğuz or like Oxus in Strabon) Turks. The Harvest Festival was named after Sabazios, "Sabantui Day" is today still celebrated among Turkish people in Asia and Russia.
On the otherhand, ancestor of the Scythians, Targitaus / Targitaos is Targitay in Turkish. The youngest son took place on throne of his father (Herodotus) like in Turkish culture. The other sons (eldest sons) of Targitay, like in Turkish traditions, were given an other land/country to run, the youngest stayed at home/center. Targitaos father (in Herodotus) was Zeus, but among Scythians it was Papaios. Papa is a non-Indo-European, a Turkish word. "Papa" in Chuvashia (Hun-Turks language) Turkish means "Father", "Baba" in Turkish (again p/b). The mother of Targitaos was the daughter of Borysthenes river, which is the nymph Borysthenis. But in Scythian god pantheon it is Api (Gaia in other nations myths), means "mother, big sister, big aunt" in Turkish, is equivalent with Earth-Mother Umay (Umai) a guide, protector of women, mothers, children and Turkish communities.
Borysthenes is todays Dnieper (Dinyeper) was called by the Scythians/Sacae (Saka) as "Oar", or as "Ver" by Jordanes, or as "Oares-Oaros" by Herodotus. Bory in Borysthenes can be explained as Bori-Börü, Wolf in Turkish. A Scythian-Turkish tribe called as Hyperborean lived in that area, and the connection between the north wind "Borean" and "Bory" is clearly to be seen.
Goddess Leto was brought to Lycia (which is Lukkia-Wolf Land) under the guidance of the Wolves from Hyperborean, or she was a She-Wolf! Goddess Leto had two children, both are connected with wolves; Artemis, which is in Lukkian language Ertemi [Er=Man ; Temi=clean, pure (temiz,ak) ; male name among Turks-Ertem] was the moon goddess, and Apollo's nickname was "Apollo Lykeios-the Wolf". Both were fed by a she-wolf, like in the Etruscan (non-Roman) and Turkish myths! Leto, Artemis and Apollo was worshipped most in Karia-Lukkiya region, West of Turkey . Karia and Lukkiya people are related with the Pelasgians [non-Hellens, non-Indoeuropeans] who lived in Thracia/North-Greece, and fought side by side with Trojans against the invaders!..
By the way, Hyperborean Abaris, a priest of Apollo, was a shaman (Kam in Turkish), (which was never a religion rituel among Indo-Europeans!) and Abaris is the Turkish Tribe Avar. Like in in the earlier name of Dnieper "Oar-Ver/Var" , where they lived. The other tradition was, wearing an animal-skin. Like we see among Turkish people, Native Americans and todays Mongolians. Just like the Trojan warrior Dolon with his "wolf skin". Etruscans who fled after the Trojan War to Italy, painted Wolf skin weared Dolon in a tomb. Wolf-skinned Scythian-Hun/Turk warriors to be seen in Roman period, the most feared warriors gave birth to "Werewolf" legends in Europe...
The root word "Tar" of Targitaos/Targitay, is associated with the word Turk, like Turuk in "Turukku" [also Türük], a Turkish State in Mesopotamia in 3000 BC-2000 BC. Didn't call the Trojans themselves as "Teucer"? Yes, they did. Do we see in Pliny's book a nation name "Turcae"? Yes, we do. Do we use for "All Turkish People" the word Turan? Yes we do, and we see also a fertility and love goddess in Etruscan myth "Turan". Didn't the Etruscans fled from Anatolia? Yes, they did, and they are also accepted as the descandents of Pelasgians.
Pelasgians names, Trojan names are Turkish names. A warrior from Lukkiya (Lycia) called Sarpedon, what does Sarp means for Indoeuropeans? Nothing, because it is Turkish, means "hard, steep, tough, harsh", and still in use as male name among Turks.
Trojans called the river as Scamander, which comes from Saka (Sacae-Scythian) again, and sacrificed horses to the river god. Just like the Scythians-Turks sacrifice horses with burial or a ceremony.
Targitay'sons names are also to be explained in Turkish; just one name: Arpoxais (Arpaksoy) Arpa means Barley in Turkish, so the farmer tribe of the Scythians. Was Sabazios the god of Barley? Yes, he was. And -xais - xai - say in Arpoxais = is "soy", means "generation, tribe".
There are more connections:
Tar and Bora are also related; Tar = "strong, magic, blacksmithing, powerfull" ; Bora = "strong north wind", from the "Alps" (mountain range in Europe) to south. Like "Alp Er Tonga" (have explained "Alp" above) which is Afrasiab in Shahnahme was the king of Turan, a Turkish-Saka King, grandfather of Saka Queen Tomyris (Tomris = core of iron; female name among Turks). And, "Bor" means iron dust, iron surcharge. A Hattian (non-indoeuropean, agglutinative language like Turkish) god Tarkhunt was the sky and stormgod, so he is strong, magical and powerfull. Tarkhunt name was used for a king in Nesli (Hittite) Empire as Tarkondemos, but in Turkish it is Tarkan and among Etruscan became Tarquin; coincidence? No, Turkish :) , and still in use as male name (like our famous singer Tarkan)
An article from a "westerner" is very interesting:
A.W.Buckland Anthropological Institute in London March 10,1874 on "The Serpent in connection with Primitive Metallurgy". In this learned monograph the writer maintains that a connection may be observed between the early serpent-worship and a knowledge of metals, and indeed that the Serpent was the sign of Turanian metallurgists in the same way as I have suggested that in Egypt and Assyria it was the sign of physicians. She believes that the Serpent must have played some part in the original discovery of the metals and precious stones by man, in recognition of which that animal was first assumed as a totem and thence became an emblem. She states that traditional and ornamentational evidences show that the Turanian races were the first workers in metals, and that they migrated westward, probably from India to Egypt and Chaldaea, and thence to Europe, and even to America, bearing their art and its sign; and that they fled before the Aryans, who had the further art of smelting, and that the Aryan myths of serpent-slaying record the overthrow of the Turanian serpent-worshippers." (Demonology and Devil-lore: The Devil World by Moncure Daniel Conway)
Did Apollo not slay the serpent/dragon Pyhtia in Delphi were the Pelasgians lived? Which became in Christian times "Dragon Slayer Saints"... after slaying the serpent Pyhtia, we see everywhere the "Oracle Temples", and the time was 4th c BC. Oracle, is just the reflections of Prometheus [prescient, seeing future, god who made human from a mud and gave fire for enlightenment!] which was married with Asia, "Land of As", = As Turks [also mentioned in Orkhon Monuments - 8th c AD] - As-guzai (Sguz-Scythian-Guz-Oghuz). [note: At the time, when the Orkhon monuments were erected, there was no German, French or British nation. ;) ]
Oh yes, the Pelasgians (pre-Greek settlers of Greece), who are they? A French philosopher (who also studied history of France) Henri Berr one's said : " Pelasgians, these name was given by the Hellens, to these old people, who doesn't speaks Hellenic. But, to find out who they really are, we give up". Exactly, they gave up, they was afraid of course, because they spoke Turkish. Like, non-Hellenic god, the blacksmith god Hephaestus; a Pelasgians god, was brought from the Caucasus.
Which Caucasos is also Turkish: appears first in Aiskhylos (Aeschylus) 490 BC in " Prometheus Bound". Pliny the Elder wrote that Caucasus came from Scythians as "Kavkaz- Kroukas", "White/Snow/Frost Rock" (Ak/Kar/Don Kaya) in Turkish "Karlı Kaya" (but today as Kafkas). Prometheus was shackled by Zeus (which is accually imposible, a God shackled a Titan, one of the First, who made human from mud. It was taking power from East to West, and to dominate humankind], and was resquiered by Herakles (Erakle, Erkle in Etruscan, which ER= Man in Turkish), the Bilgamesh in Sumerian legend [misreading as Gilgamesh - it is Bilgamesh - Bilgi = Turkish "wise" ; or Köroğlu (or Goroğlu, in Turkish legend - (oğlu-son of) Gor/Kor = Torch of Fire, Blind (Kör) and See (Gör) - Gordion-Gordium-Kördüğüm (Blind knotted) - the fire brought by Prometheus ].
Mentioned by Heredotus in Histories; Hercules/Herakles was the ancestor of the Scythians, like Targitais/Targitay. And the wife of Heracles was snake-legged [according to Hesiod it was Deineira, but to Scythians it was Api], and had tree sons: Agathyrsos, Gelonos and the youngest as Scythes [Herodotus 4:10].
Hercules (Erkle)' sons: Agathyrsos = Ağaçeri Turks (Tree People-Hun+Scyth/Turks Tribe); Gelonos - Jelon [snake in Turkish, also Yılan (remind: -os, Greek suffix)]; and of course the youngest Scyth (who stayed at home, in the center).
Slaying a Serpent/Dragon with a Sword; Controlling Time :
Wolf (Bori/Börü) - Bory like in Borysthenes or in Hyperborean (Bore) :
Tarkan, the god, holiness, adjective, title, and the root word for Turk = Tar/Tur and Turan : like "Tur'sha" one of Etruscans ancestor...
"Turanian races, the first workers in metals i.e. İron"
Can write more but...
The "West" tried for centuries to deny Turks and their rich history. When any new scientific discoveries, presentations or evidence comes out to prove Turkish civilization, the "West" hurriedly develop fictionalize/fabricated programs and articles to lie about Turks and Turkish great History.
Thus, without Us, the Westerner Scholars, "deniers, fraudsters, who have political agenda" (even Unesco!), who underestimate Turks, Turkish Culture and History, can not write the World History.
We are a huge family, and the "West" can not ignore that anymore...
Kaşgarlı Mahmud: (Mahmud al-Kashgari,11th c AD)
"Kimsen? Türkmenem - Kimsin ? Türk'üm"
(Who are you? - Turk+men+em - Turk+I+am - I'm Turk)
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk:
Ne Mutlu Türk'üm Diyene.
(Happy is the one who says, "I'm a Turk")