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7 Şubat 2016 Pazar

Turkish Culture and Art






Face-Mask Helmet
Safavid Turkish Empire Period

 "the Safavids was Turk, Turkic in their ethnic origins. And indead spoke Turkish as a language of daily life." 
Victoria Holbrook - Ohio State University


We do not use the word "Turkic", because all of them are Turk of origin.
We have many tribe names, westerners call them by their tribe or family names, that's wrong, because the ethnic is Turk.







Face-Mask Helmet - 16th century
Safavid Turkish Empire
from Iran - Kremlin Museum
This helmet is a rare example of Safavid armors, face mask with a nice looking mustache. It was most likely a gift of a Safavid shah to a Russian Tsar. There are three other helmets similar to this one. 
Two are kept in Russia, and another has private owner.



Decorated Golden Shield
Seljuk Turks - 12th - 13th century



Stucco head from a statue
Seljuk Turks - 13th century



Mother and her Child
Seljuk Turks - circa 1220



Bowl - 14th century , 
Seljuk Turks.
found in Iran.



Detail of a casket, brass with silver inlay
Seljuk Turks, c. 1300
from Iran (not Persian Art!)




Pen case, 14th century
Seljuk Turks
from Syria




Silver inlaid bronze candlestick
Seljuk Turks- 13th century
found in Turkey
(David Samling collection)



Jar - 13th century - Seljuk Turks.
from Northern Syria or Iraq




Bowl with, 3Dots "ANT" for Oath
and "Six pointed Star" for Protection
Seljuk Turks period
found in Syria



Cauldron, Warriors on horses with knotted tails
Turkish Art, Late 13th century – 14th century 
Copper alloy
from Kubachi-Republic of Dagestan
Dagestan from the 10th century: 
Khazars; Seljuks; Cuman-Kipchaks; Ilkhanate; Golden Horde; Timurid; Shirvanshah; Safavids; Ottoman.




Star Tile - 12th-13th century
Seljuk Turks.



Mace heads / Seljuk Turks, 10th-11th century
Copper alloy, L.17cm
The cylindrical mace head has eight flanges, decorated alternately with Kufic script and bands of angular interlace flanking diamond-shaped motifs with a floral sprig; the socket is engraved with similar diamond-shaped panels. The globular finial retains traces of lacquered ornament. Squared-off interlaced panels like this are worked on cast copper alloy vessels made in eastern Iran. Other examples of mace heads of this type are also engraved with running animals and the entire group can be attributed to the Seljuk Turks period.

Mace Head 2
This fluted mace head of copper alloy is engraved with a guilloche pattern. A mace head with embryonic flanges, probably of the type described by Niẓām al-Mulk as used by the Turkish slave warriors at the Ṣāmānid court, was excavated at Nīshāpūr. (1) According to Niẓām al-Mulk a mace (with a ring for attaching it to the saddle) was not presented until a young slave-warrior had trained for five years, at which time the warrior was well on his way to becoming a commander, a position accorded in his seventh year. (2) In general mace heads of this shape can be dated to between the 11th and 13th century.
1) Allan 1982. no. 142.
2) Quoted in Lewis 1974, Vol. 2, p. 237.
Furusiyya 1996
//Selçuklu Dönemi Topuz Başları



Mace head
Selçuk Turks, 12th century or earlier
Copper alloy,L. 11cm
From Iran (not Persian Art!)




Mace head 
Selçuk Turks,12th century
Copper ahoy,L. 19.5 cm
From Iran (not Persian Art!)

This mace head is engraved with friezes of running animals against a scrolled ground, alternating with a repeating word, al-birr, inscribed in Arabic in a Kufic script against a similar background. It has a rounded finial at the top and a collared socket. The decoration is typical of eastern Turkish work in the Seljuk period.





Animal headed Mace : Lion
Seljuk Turks, 12th-14th century
Iron, L. 62 cm
The head of the mace is cast as a frontal lion's head and made in one with the long tapering haft with spherical terminal. The Seljuk vizier Niẓām al-Mulk mentions officials who carried what seems to have been a long slender staff, probably a type of mace represented in later miniature painting. It is also similar to one depicted on an inkwell from Herat dateable to the twelfth century. The type persisted in ceremonial contexts, as shown by a Turkoman painting of 900/1494 depicting the court of Sultan 'Alī Mirza of Gilan where a standing courtier holds a long slender mace with a lion or dragon-shaped head.
The Furusiyya Art Foundation Collection



Turkish Soldier with lion mace.
Kay Khusrau receives his rival Fariburz, 1494 Shahnama




Animal Headed Mace : "The Dragon-Wolf"
Seljuk Turks , 11th-12th century
Copper alloy, iron,L.35 cm
From Turkey
It is unique in that its head is cast in the form of a dragon with sharp fangs swallowing a bull with a protruding tongue. There is a harpy or bird moulded along the back of the neck. This type of dragon with long and sometimes curling jaws is a Turkic interpretation of the beast, and animals of similar form are represented on a stirrup said to have been found in south eastern Anatolia. The collection also holds a small sword pommel in the form of an 
open-jawed dragon devouring what appears to be a human head.
The Furusiyya Art Foundation Collection by Bashir Mohamed, 2008





Armour for Horse and Rider 
Ottoman Turks.Late 15th century – 16th century



Mosque lamp with gilt and enamel 
Memluk Turks-14th century
from Egypt (not Egyptian Art!)
Mamluk Turks - Kipchak Turks
one of the official name of the state was
"dawla al-turkiyya", ‘The State of the Turks’



Double-Headed Eagle Box, brass with silver inlay
Mamluk Turks, 16th century 
Mamluks are Kipchak Turkish Tribe.








Not Islamic, Not Persian, but Turkish Culture!




"Why do they not call as Turkish Culture? 
Whereas, such events are a nation's civilization measure...."